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Travel Guide

Delhi is one of the oldest continually inhabited cities in the world. It's culture has been influenced by its long history and historic association as the capital of India. This is evident by the many monuments of significance found in the city. The excavations of Indraprastha, capital of the Pandavas, revealed evidence of continuous habitation of the site for almost 2500 years.

Lal Kot, the first city of Delhi was founded by the Tomar king Anangpal, in the 11th century. The fortress capital of Qila Rai Pithora attributed to Prithvi Raj Chauhan was an extension of the fort of the Tomar Rajput.. Qutbuddin Aibak became Delhi's first Sultan in 1206 and laid the foundations of the Qutb Minar, at the site of the first city of Delhi. The settlement of Mehrauli contains substantial built heritage in the form of historic houses, sarai and other secular buildings.

Subsequently the kings of the Sultanate dynasties, Khaljis, Tughlaqs Sayyids and Lodis continued to build new cities. The second city was built around Siri by Alaud-Din Khalji in the thirteenth century;Tughlaqabad, the third city built by Ghiysud-Din Tughluq in the early fourteenth century; Firuzabad, the fifth city of Delhi, now epitomized by Kotla Firuz Shah, was founded by Firuz Shah Tughluq in the late fourteenth century.

It was Humayun who laid the foundations of the sixth city - Dinpanah. This was destroyed and reconstructed as the Purana Qila by Sher Shah Suri. While some construction activities did continue during the reign of Akbar and Jehangir, it was Shah Jehan (1628-58) who built the seventh city, Shahjahanabad which remained the Mughal capital until 1857. The Mughals ruled in Delhi for about two and a half centuries, followed by the British, who in 1911 shifted the capital of India to Delhi. The eighth city of New Delhi took shape in the imperial style of architecture. From then to now Delhi continues to remain a vibrant city that entices visitors with its charm.